Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Glaucoma Drug Prescription Pattern in North India: Public vs Private Sector Hospitals

Shibal Bhartiya, Parul Ichhpujani, Uday Pratap Singh Parmar, Surbhi Kapoor, Sonali Kaundal, Suresh Kumar

Keywords : Fixed-dose combinations, Generic drug, Glaucoma, Innovator drug, Prescription, Preservative free

Citation Information : Bhartiya S, Ichhpujani P, Parmar UP, Kapoor S, Kaundal S, Kumar S. Glaucoma Drug Prescription Pattern in North India: Public vs Private Sector Hospitals. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2024; 18 (1):16-22.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10078-1438

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy associated with characteristic structural damage to the optic nerve and associated visual dysfunction that may be caused by various pathological processes. A number of pharmacological agents are used to reduce the intraocular pressure (IOP), involving the usage of two or three medications concurrently. Literature is sparse regarding prescription patterns of antiglaucoma drugs, especially regarding variability in public sector vs private sector hospitals. Drug utilization studies can add insight for crafting rational, affordable, and ocular surface friendly prescriptions. Aim: This study assessed the prescription pattern in glaucoma patients of a public sector, tertiary care hospital vs a private sector tertiary care hospital. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, pertinent data of diagnosed and labeled glaucoma patients were reviewed. Data collected included demographic details, type of glaucoma, number and nature of drugs prescribed, whether innovator or generic drugs were prescribed, if fixed-drug combinations (FDCs) and preservative-free formulations were prescribed. The prescription patterns between the two sectors were compared, as were the prescription patterns between primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle-closure disease (PACD). Results: A total of 336 prescriptions were evaluated (216 from public sector, group I; 120 from private sector, group II). Travoprost 0.004% was the most prescribed antiglaucoma medication in both group I (30.09%) and group II (38.33%). Brimonidine and brinzolamide (14.17%) was the most prescribed combination in group II, while Brimonidine with Timolol (7.87%) in group I. In group I, Timolol and Travoprost were the most prescribed medications for both PACD and POAG. Conclusion: This study showed that both public sector as well as private sector tertiary care centers prescribe antiglaucoma medications in tune with current principles of rational drug use. Preservative-free drugs were preferred in both the groups for better adherence.


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