Purpose: To evaluate the effects of micropulse transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (mCPC) and selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) on endothelial cell density (ECD) and reduction of the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary-open angle glaucoma (POAG).
Patients and Methods: In this observational, retrospective study, 40 eyes with POAG were included. Patients were divided into three groups—group I was treated with SLT (n = 13), group II was treated with mCPC (n = 13), and group III included age-matched patients with medically treated glaucoma (n = 14) (control group). In both treatment groups (SLT and mCPC) preoperative and postoperative findings of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), ECD, and IOP were compared to the control group.
Results: The mean time interval before and after the treatment was 215 ± 120 days in group I (SLT) and 273 ± 177 days in group II (mCPC). The follow-up for group III (control group) was 209 ± 103 days. In both treatment groups (SLT and mCPC) there was a statistically significant reduction of the IOP postoperatively (group I: 3.5 ± 3.7 mm Hg (p = 0.005) and group II: 4.3 ± 4.1 mm Hg (p = 0.003)). The mean IOP for group III was 12.9 ± 3.7 mm Hg at visit 1 and did not change significantly (p = 0.353) at visit 2. In all three groups, there was no statistically significant change in ECD at the last visit.
Conclusion: According to our results, both SLT and mCPC seem to be effective in lowering the IOP, without showing any statistically significant effect on ECD in patients with POAG.
However, larger and longer-term studies are necessary to understand the effects of the SLT and mCPC procedures on ECD.
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