Citation Information :
Dakroub M, Verma-Fuehring R, Strzalkowska A, Hillenkamp J, Al Yousef Y, Loewen NA. Coarsened Exact Matching of Excisional to Plasma-ablative Ab Interno Trabeculectomy. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2023; 17 (1):9-14.
Aim: To compare ab interno trabeculectomy by trabecular meshwork (TM) excision to plasma-mediated ablation in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients.
Methods: Retrospectively collected data of TrabEx+ (TEx) (n = 56) and Trabectome (T) (n = 99) patients were compared by coarsened exact matching to reduce confounding and matched based on baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) and age. The primary outcomes were IOP and the number of glaucoma medications. Complications and the need for additional glaucoma surgery were assessed. Patients were followed for up to 1 year.
Results: A total of 53 TEx could be matched to T. Baseline IOP was 16.5 ± 4.6 mm Hg in both; age was 73.7 ± 8.8 and 71.5 ± 9.9 years in TEx and T, respectively. TEx was taking more medications than T (p < 0.001). IOP was reduced to 14.8 ± 4.3 in TEx and to 13.4 ± 3.4 in T at 6 months, and to 14.9 ± 6.0 (p = 0.13) in TEx and to 14.1 ± 3.8 mm Hg (all p < 0.05) in T at 12 months. Medications were reduced at both 6 and 12 months (p < 0.05). No differences were seen between TEx and T at 6 and 12 months. In TEx, only one serious complication occurred, and two patients required further glaucoma surgery.
Conclusion: Although both groups had a baseline IOP considered low for ab interno trabeculectomy, IOP and medications were reduced further at 6 and 12 months. IOP reduction did not reach significance in TEx at 12 months. The intergroup comparison did not reveal any significant differences. Both had a low complication rate.
Clinical significance: This study investigated subtle differences between a plasma-ablative device, the T, and an excisional device, the TEx, by applying coarsened exact matching. IOP and medications were reduced in both groups at 6 and 12 months, although IOP reduction did not reach significance in TEx at 12 months. The intergroup comparison did not reveal any significant differences, with both devices having a low complication rate.
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