Aim: To present a case of rapid onset on neovascular glaucoma following the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Background: COVID-19 has various ocular manifestations such as conjunctivitis, uveitis, retinal vasculitis, and so on. However, to date, the development of neovascular glaucoma has not been reported in COVID-19.
Case description: A 50-year-old male with a history of COVID-19 3 weeks ago presented with left eye (OS) central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and right eye (OD) cystoid macular edema with disc and microvascular leakage on multimodal imaging. After being managed conservatively for 2 weeks, the patient developed OD neovascular glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) of 44 mm Hg and angle neovascularization (NVA) on gonioscopy. The patient was started on topical antiglaucoma medications (AGM) with panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) and responded well with complete regression of NVA, CME, and normal IOP after 3 weeks.
Conclusion: This is the first reported case of rapid onset of NVG secondary to COVID-19-induced retinal vasculitis. COVID-19-associated prothrombotic state with secondary retinal vascular involvement can potentially trigger such NVG. Such NVG responds well with topical AGM and PRP therapy.
Clinical significance: Given the global COVID-19 pandemic, it is imperative to be vigilant regarding the various vision-threatening manifestations associated with the disease such as the NVG.
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