A Pilot Study Assessing Treatment Outcomes in Neovascular Glaucoma Using Ahmed Glaucoma Valve with and without Cyclophotocoagulation
Richard L Ford, O\'Rese J Knight, Meredith R Klifto, Alice Yang Zhang, Christopher A Wiesen, David Fleischman
Ahmed glaucoma valve, Cyclophotocoagulation, Hypertensive phase, Intraocular pressure, Neovascular glaucoma, Retrospective pilot cohort study
Citation Information :
Ford RL, Knight OJ, Klifto MR, Zhang AY, Wiesen CA, Fleischman D. A Pilot Study Assessing Treatment Outcomes in Neovascular Glaucoma Using Ahmed Glaucoma Valve with and without Cyclophotocoagulation. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2022; 16 (1):4-10.
Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective pilot study was to examine the short-term effect of simultaneous Ahmed Glaucoma Valve implantation and cyclophotocoagulation on postoperative outcomes in patients with neovascular glaucoma.
Methods and materials: Patient charts were selected for inclusion in this study if they carried a diagnosis of neovascular glaucoma and underwent Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation only, Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation with cyclophotocoagulation, or cyclophotocoagulation only. A total of 55 eyes of 54 patients were selected for data collection and analysis. Main outcome measures included 1-, 3-, and 6-month intraocular pressure and occurrence of the hypertensive phase. Other outcomes included visual acuity, surgical complication rate, and a number of 6-month postoperative ophthalmic medications.
Results: A significantly lower intraocular pressure was seen in the group that received Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation + cyclophotocoagulation compared to the Ahmed glaucoma valve-only group at 3 and 6 months (p = 0.03 and <0.001, respectively). The difference in the occurrence of the hypertensive phase between the Ahmed glaucoma valve-only group and the Ahmed glaucoma valve + cyclophotocoagulation group approached but did not reach significance (p = 0.052). A significantly lower intraocular pressure was also seen in the cyclophotocoagulation-only group compared to the Ahmed glaucoma valve-only group at 3 months (p = 0.006).
Conclusion: Simultaneous Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation and cyclophotocoagulation significantly lowered intraocular pressure at 3 and 6 months compared to Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation alone in patients with neovascular glaucoma.
Clinical significance: Neovascular glaucoma is difficult to manage medically and surgically. When surgery is performed, intraocular pressure often remains elevated postoperatively despite aggressive medical management. This study examines a novel method to lower intraocular pressure after Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in patients with neovascular glaucoma.
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