Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 2 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Potential Savings from Visit Reduction of Continuous Intraocular Pressure Monitoring

Jiaxi Dong, Zeba A Syed, Kenneth Fan, Ali F Yahya, Samir A Melki

Keywords : Cost-effectiveness of Glaucoma Management, Economics of glaucoma, Glaucoma diagnostics, IOP monitoring

Citation Information : Dong J, Syed ZA, Fan K, Yahya AF, Melki SA. Potential Savings from Visit Reduction of Continuous Intraocular Pressure Monitoring. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2018; 12 (2):59-63.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10028-1246

License: CC BY 4.0

Published Online: 01-08-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: A continuous method of measuring intraocular pressures (IOP) could be advantageous in the management of glaucoma. This report aims to analyze the potential savings from visit reduction of continuous IOP measurements obtained with an intraocular device. Materials and methods: We constructed a model adapted from a prior study based on the number of glaucoma patients among 5% of the Medicare population. Results: We found that the implementation of a device that continuously measures IOP can result in a reduction of 23.21% in yearly costs from glaucoma outpatient visits. Conclusion: Continuous IOP monitoring has the potential to alleviate the economic burden of the current management structure of patients with glaucoma. Clinical Significance: In an era of elevated healthcare costs, continuous IOP monitoring offers an option to improve the care of glaucoma patients through visit reduction, also resulting in a 23.21% reduction in yearly expenses related to glaucoma clinical visits.


PDF Share
  1. Prevent Blindness. Cases and Costs of Glaucoma Projected to Soar. December 17, 2014. Available at: http://www.preventblindness.org/cases-and-costs-glaucomaprojected- soar. Accessed Feb 28, 2015.
  2. Rein DB, Zhang P, Wirth KE, Lee PP, Hoerger TJ, McCall N, Klein R, Tielsch JM, Vijan S, Saaddine J. The economic b urden of major adult visual disorders in the United States. Arch Ophthalmol 2006 Dec;124(12):1754-1760.
  3. Weinreb RN, Aung T, Medeiros FA. The pathophysiology and treatment of glaucoma: a review. JAMA 2014 May 14;311(18):1901-1911.
  4. Leidl MC, Choi CJ, Syed ZA, Melki SA. Intraocular pressure fluctuation and glaucoma progression: what do we know? Br J Ophthalmol 2014 Oct;98(10):1315-1319.
  5. Liu JH, Kripke DF, Hoffman RE, Twa MD, Loving RT, Rex KM, Gupta N, Weinreb RN. Nocturnal elevation of intraocular pressure in young adults. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1998 Dec;39(13):2707-2712.
  6. Mansouri K, Shaarawy T. Continuous intraocular pressure monitoring with a wireless ocular telemetry sensor: initial clinical experience in patients with open angle glaucoma. Br J Ophthalmol 2011 May;95(5):627-629.
  7. De Smedt S, Mermoud A, Schnyder C. 24-hour intraocular pressure fluctuation monitoring using an ocular telemetr y Sensor: tolerability and functionality in healthy subjects. J Glaucoma 2012 Oct-Nov;21(8):539-544.
  8. Todani A, Behlau I, Fava MA, Cade F, Cherfan DG, Zakka FR, Jakobie c FA, Gao Y, Dohlman CH, Me lk i SA. Intraocular pressure measurement by radio wave telemetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2011 Dec 20;52(13):9573-9580.
  9. Melki S, Todani A, Cherfan G. An implantable intraocular pressure transducer: initial safety outcomes. JAMA Ophthalmol 2014 Oct;132(10):1221-1225.
  10. Koutsonas A, Walter P, Roessler G, Plange N. Implantation of a novel telemetric intraocular pressure sensor in patients with glaucoma (ARGOS study): 1-year results. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2015 Jan 22;56(2):1063- 1069.
  11. Quigley HA, Cassard SD, Gower EW, Ramulu PY, Jampel HD, Friedman DS. The cost of glaucoma care provided to M edicare beneficiaries from 2002 to 2009. Ophthalmology 2013 Nov;120(11):2249-2257.
  12. National Eye Institute. Cataracts. Available at: https://www.nei.nih.gov/eyedata/cataract. Accessed February 28, 2015.
  13. Glaucoma Research Foundation. Cataracts and Glaucoma. May 2, 2011. Available at: http://www.glaucoma.org/ glaucoma/cataracts-and-glaucoma.php. Accessed February 28, 2015.
  14. Fingeret M. American Optometric Association. Care of the Patient with Open Angle Glaucoma. March 20, 1998. Available at: http://www.aoa.org/documents/ optometrists/CPG-9.pdf. Accessed Jan 15, 2016.
  15. Bydon M, Abt NB, Garza-Ramos RDl, Macki M, Witham TF, Gokaslan ZL, Bydon A, Huang J. Impact of resident participation on morbidity and mortality in neurosurgical procedures: an analysis of 16,098 patients. Journal of Neurosurgery. 2015 Apr;122(4):955-961.
  16. Patel HY, Danesh-Meyer HV. Incidence and management of cataract after glaucoma surgery. Current Opinion in Ophthalmology. 2013 Jan;24(1):15-20.
  17. Yang Y, Zhong J, Dun Z, Liu X, Yu M. Comparison of efficacy between endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation and alternative surgeries in refractory glaucoma: a meta-analysis. Medicine 2015 Sep;94(39):e1651.
  18. Lin SC. Endoscopic and trans scleral cyclophotocoagulation for the treatment of refractory glaucoma. J Glaucoma 2008 Apr-May;17:238-247.
  19. Wang JC-C, Campos-Möller X, Shah M, Sheybani A, Ahmed IIK. Effect of endocyclophotocoagulation on refractive outcomes in angle-closure eyes after phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. J Cataract Refract Surg 2016 Jan;42(1):132-137.
  20. Prata TS, Dorairaj S, De Moraes CGV, Mehta S, Sbeity Z, Tello C, Liebmann J, Ritch R. Is preoperative ciliary body and iris anatomical configuration a predictor of malignant glaucoma development? Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2013 Aug;41(6): 541-545.
  21. White AJ, Orros JM, Healey PR. Outcomes of combined lens extraction and goniosynechialysis in angle closure. Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2013 Nov;41(8):746-752.
  22. Reichert, Inc. Tono-Pen XL user's Guide. Depew (NY): Reichert, Inc.; 2016. [cited 2016 Mar 31]. Available from: http://doclibrary.com/MSC167/PRM/68E3441-Rev-G-XL-UG1556. pdf.
  23. De Moraes CG, Liebmann JM, Park SC, Teng CC, Nemiroff J, Tello C, Ritch R. Optic disc progression and rates of visual field change in treated glaucoma. Acta Ophthalmol 2013 Mar;91(2):e86-e91.
  24. Gracitelli CPB, Tatham AJ, Zangwill LM, Weinreb RN, Liu T, Medeiros FA. Estimated rates of retinal ganglion cell loss in glaucomatous eyes with and without optic disc hemorrhages. PLoS One 2014 Aug;9(8):e105611.
  25. Marey HM, Mandour SS, Ellakwa AF. Subscleral trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C versus ologen for treatment of glaucoma. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2013 Apr;29(3):330-334.
  26. Papaconstantinou D, Georgalas I, Karmiris E, Diagourtas A, Koutsandrea C, Ladas I, Apostolopoulos M, Georgopoulos G. Trabeculectomy with OloGen versus trabeculectomy for the treatment of glaucoma: a pilot study. Acta Ophthalmol 2010 Feb;88(1):80-85.
  27. Rosentreter A, Gaki S, Cursiefen C, Dietlein TS. Trabeculectomy using mitomycin C versus an atelocollagen implant: clinical results of a randomized trial and histopathologic findings. Ophthalmologica 2014;231(3):133-140.
  28. Rosentreter A, Schild AM, Jordan JF, Krieglstein GK, Dietlein TS. A prospective randomised trial of trabeculectomy using mitomycin C vs an ologen implant in open angle glaucoma. Eye (Lond) 2010 Sep;24(9):1449-1457.
  29. Senthil S, Rao HL, Babu JG, Mandal AK, Garudadri CS. Comparison of outcomes of trabeculectomy with mitomycin C vs. ologen implant in primary glaucoma. Indian J Ophthalmol 2013 Jul;61(7):338-342.
  30. Wang X, Khan R, Coleman A. Device-modified trabeculectomy for glaucoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015 Dec;12:Cd010472.
  31. Perez CI, Mellado F, Jones A, Colvin R. Trabeculectomy combined with collagen matrix implant (Ologen). J Glaucoma 2017 Jan;26(1):54-58.
  32. Angmo D, Wadhwani M, Upadhyay AD, Temkar S, Dada T. Outcomes of trabeculectomy augmented with subconjunctival and subscleral ologen implantation in primary advanced glaucoma. J Glaucoma 2017 Jan;26(1):8-14.
  33. Chen HS, Ritch R, Krupin T, Hsu WC. Control of filtering bleb structure through tissue bioengineering: an animal model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2006 Dec;47(12):5310-5314.
  34. Hsu WC, Ritch R, Krupin T, Chen HS. Tissue bioengineering for surgical bleb defects: an animal study. Graefe's Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2008 May;246(5):709-717.
  35. Hsu WC, Spilker MH, Yannas IV, Rubin PA. Inhibition of conjunctival scarring and contraction by a porous collagenglycosaminoglycan implant. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2000 Aug;41(9):2404-2411.
  36. Rosentreter A, Mellein AC, Konen WW, Dietlein TS. Capsule excision and Ologen implantation for revision after glaucoma drainage device surgery. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2010 Sep;248(9):1319-1324.
  37. Martinowitz U, Spotnitz WD. Fibrin tissue adhesives. Thromb Haemost 1997 Jul;78(1):661-666.
  38. Koranyi G, Seregard S, Kopp ED. Cut and paste: a no suture small incision approach to pterygium surgery. Br J Ophthalmol 2004 Jul;88(7):911-914.
  39. Guo S, Wagner RS, Forbes BJ, DeRespinis PA, Caputo AR. Cut and paste: sutureless conjunctival closure in strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2010 Jul-Aug;47(4):228-230.
  40. Batman C, Ozdamar Y, Aslan O, Sonmez K, Mutevelli S, Zilelioglu G. Tissue glue in sutureless vitreoretinal surgery for the treatment of wound leakage. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 2008 Mar-Apr;39(2):100-106.
  41. O'Sullivan F, Dalton R, Rostron CK. Fibrin glue: an alternative method of wound closure in glaucoma surgery. J Glaucoma 1996 Dec;5(6):367-370.
  42. Asrani SG, Wilensky JT. Management of bleb leaks after glaucoma filtering surgery. Use of autologous fibrin tissue glue as an alternative. Ophthalmology 1996 Feb;103(2): 294-298.
  43. Sakarya Y, Sakarya R, Kara S, Soylu T. Fibrin glue coating of the surgical surfaces may facilitate formation of a successful bleb in trabeculectomy surgery. Med Hypotheses 2011 Aug;77(2):263-265.
  44. Panda A, Kumar S, Kumar A, Bansal R, Bhartiya S. Fibrin glue in ophthalmology. Indian J Ophthalmol 2009 Sep-Oct;57(5):371-379.
  45. Sharma A, Kaur R, Kumar S, Gupta P, Pandav S, Patnaik B, Gupta A. Fibrin glue versus N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in corneal perforations. Ophthalmology 2003 Feb;110(2):291-298.
  46. Almeida Junior GC, Arakawa L, Santi Neto DD, Cury PM, Lima Filho AA, Sousa SJ, Alves MR, Azoubel R. Preoperative tranilast as adjunctive therapy to primary pterygium surgery with a 1-year follow-up. Arq Bras Oftalmol 2015 Jan-Feb; 78(1):1-5.
  47. Bahar I, Lusky M, Gaton D, Robinson A, Avisar R, Weinberger D. The use of fibrin adhesive in trabeculectomy: a pilot study. Br J Ophthalmol 2006 Nov;90(11):1430.
  48. Bahar I, Weinberger D, Lusky M, Avisar R, Robinson A, Gaton D. Fibrin glue as a suture substitute: histological evaluation of trabeculectomy in rabbit eyes. Curr Eye Res 2006 Jan;31(1):31-36.
  49. Buschmann W, Stemberger A, Blumel G, Leydhecker W. Fibrin adhesion and postoperative anti-fibrinolytic care of conjunctival wounds. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1984 Mar;184(3):185-188.
  50. Choudhari NS, Neog A, Latka S, Srinivasan B. Fibrin sealantassisted revision of the exposed Ahmed tube. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2015 Jan-Mar;22(1):115-116.
  51. Choudhari NS, Neog A, Sharma A, Iyer GK, Srinivasan B. Authors' reply. Indian J Ophthalmol 2013 Jun;61(6):312-313.
  52. Choudhari NS, Neog A, Sharma A, Iyer GK, Srinivasan B. Our experience of fibrin sealant-assisted implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve. Indian J Ophthalmol 2013 Jan-Feb;61(1): 23-27.
  53. Dal Pizzol MM, Roggia MF, Kwitko S, Marinho DR, Rymer S. Use of fibrin glue in ocular surgery. Arq Bras Oftalmol 2009 May-Jun;72(3):308-312.
  54. Dintelmann T, Lieb WE, Grehn F. Filtering bleb revision. Techniques and outcome. Ophthalmologe 2002 Dec;99(12): 917-921.
  55. Du TT, Saffra N. Acellular dermal graft as a treatment of recurrent conjunctival wound dehiscence. Arch Ophthalmol 2009 Nov;127(11):1520-1521.
  56. Elmalem VI, Harris GJ. Occurrence and surgical management of a cerebrospinal fluid-filled cystoid space following routine enucleation. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2012 Sep-Oct;28(5):e117-e118.
  57. Esquenazi S, Rand W, Velazquez G, Grunstein L. Novel therapeutic approach in the management of band keratopathy using amniotic membrane transplantation with fibrin glue. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 2008 Sep-Oct;39(5): 418-421.
  58. Freeman PD, Kahook MY, Curtis TH. Glaucoma drainage device implantation in children using fibrin glue. J AAPOS 2010 Apr;14(2):169-171.
  59. Piltz JR, Starita RJ. The use of subconjunctivally administered tissue plasminogen activator after trabeculectomy. Ophthalmic Surg 1994 Jan;25(1):51-53.
  60. Por YM, Tan YL, Mehta JS, Tan DT. Intracameral fibrin tissue sealant as an adjunct in tectonic lamellar keratoplasty for large corneal perforations. Cornea 2009 May;28(4):451-455.
  61. Sakarya Y, Sakarya R, Yildirim A. Sutureless amniotic membrane fixation with fibrin glue in symptomatic bullous keratopathy with poor visual potential. Eur J Ophthalmol 2010 Jan-Feb;20(1):249; author reply 249-250.
  62. Lee GA, Holcombe DJ. Surgical revision of dysfunctional filtration blebs with bleb preservation sliding conjunctival flap and fibrin glue. Eye (Lond) 2010 Jun;24(6):947-953.
  63. Kahook MY, Noecker RJ. Fibrin glue-assisted glaucoma drainage device surgery. Br J Ophthalmol 2006 Dec;90(12):1486-1489.
  64. Valimaki J. Fibrin glue for preventing immediate postoperative hypotony following glaucoma drainage implant surgery. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2006 Jun;84(3):372-374.
  65. Malhotra C, Jain AK. Human amniotic membrane transplantation: different modalities of its use in ophthalmology. World J Transplant 2014 Jun;4(2):111-121.
  66. Dua HS, Gomes JA, King AJ, Maharajan VS. The amniotic membrane in ophthalmology. Surv Ophthalmol 2004 Jan-Feb;49(1):51-77.
  67. Shimmura S, Shimazaki J, Ohashi Y, Tsubota K. Antiinflammatory effects of amniotic membrane transplantation in ocular surface disorders. Cornea 2001 May;20(4):408-413.
  68. Yazdani S, Mahboobipour H, Pakravan M, Doozandeh A, Ghahari E. Adjunctive mitomycin c or amniotic membrane transplantation for Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation: a randomized clinical trial. J Glaucoma 2016 May;25(5):415-421.
  69. Sheha H, Kheirkhah A, Taha H. Amniotic membrane transplantation in trabeculectomy with mitomycin C for refractory glaucoma. J Glaucoma 2008 Jun-Jul;17(4):303-307.
  70. Khairy HA, Elsawy MF. Trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C versus trabeculectomy with amniotic membrane transplant: a medium-term randomized controlled trial. J Glaucoma 2015 Sep;24(7):556-559.
  71. Rauscher FM, Barton K, Budenz DL, Feuer WJ, Tseng SC. Long-term outcomes of amniotic membrane transplantation for repair of leaking glaucoma filtering blebs. Am J Ophthalmol 2007 Jun;143(6):1052-1054.
  72. Sethi P, Patel RN, Goldhardt R, Ayyala RS. Conjunctival advancement with subconjunctival amniotic membrane draping technique for leaking cystic blebs. J Glaucoma 2016 Feb;25(2):188-192.
  73. Kitagawa K, Yanagisawa S, Watanabe K, Yunoki T, Hayashi A, Okabe M, Nikaido T. A hyperdry amniotic membrane patch using a tissue adhesive for corneal perforations and bleb leaks. Am J Ophthalmol 2009 Sep;148(3):383-389.
  74. Nagai-Kusuhara A, Nakamura M, Fujioka M, Negi A. Longterm results of amniotic membrane transplantation-assisted bleb revision for leaking blebs. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2008 Apr;246(4):567-571.
  75. Rai P, Lauande-Pimentel R, Barton K. Amniotic membrane as an adjunct to donor sclera in the repair of exposed glaucoma drainage devices. Am J Ophthalmol 2005 Dec;140(6): 1148-1152.
  76. Ainsworth G, Rotchford A, Dua HS, King AJ. A novel use of amniotic membrane in the management of tube exposure following glaucoma tube shunt surgery. Br J Ophthalmol 2006 Apr;90(4):417-419.
  77. Papadaki TG, Siganos CS, Zacharopoulos IP, Panteleontidis V, Charissis SK. Human amniotic membrane transplantation for tube exposure after glaucoma drainage device implantation. J Glaucoma 2007 Jan;16(1):171-172.
  78. Mulder EJ, Leiblum DM, Visser GH. Fetal breathing movements in late diabetic pregnancy: relationship to fetal heart rate patterns and Braxton Hicks’ contractions. Early Hum Dev 1995 Nov;43(3):225-232.
  79. Schulte FJ, Michaelis R, Nolte R, Albert G, Parl U, Lasson U. Brain and behavioral maturation in newborn infants of diabetic mothers. I. Nerve conduction and EEG patterns. Neuropadiatrie 1969 Jan-Jul;1(1):24-35.
  80. Devoe LD, Youssef AA, Castillo RA, Croom CS. Fetal biophysical activities in third-trimester pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994 Aug;171(2):298-303.
  81. Dierker LJ Jr, Pillay S, Sorokin Y, Rosen MG. The change in fetal activity periods in diabetic and nondiabetic pregnancies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982 May;143(2):181-185.
  82. Doherty NN, Hepper PG. Habituation in fetuses of diabetic mothers. Early Hum Dev 2000 Aug;59(2):85-93.
  83. Kainer F, Prechtl HF, Engele H, Einspieler C. Assessment of the quality of general movements in fetuses and infants of women with type-1 diabetes mellitus. Early Hum Dev 1997 Nov;50(1):13-25.
  84. Mulder EJ, O'Brien MJ, Lems YL, Visser GH, Prechtl HF. Body and breathing movements in near-term fetuses and newborn infants of type-1 diabetic women. Early Hum Dev 1990 Nov;24(2):131-152.
  85. Mulder EJ, Visser GH. Growth and motor development in fetuses of women with type-1 diabetes. I. Early growth patterns. Early Hum Dev 1991 May;25(2):91-106.
  86. Mulder EJ, Visser GH. Growth and motor development in fetuses of women with type-1 diabetes. II. Emergence of specific movement patterns. Early Hum Dev 1991 May;25(2):107-115.
  87. Mulder EJ, Visser GH. Impact of early growth delay on subsequent fetal growth and functional development: a study on diabetic pregnancy. Early Hum Dev 1992 Dec;31(2):91-95.
  88. Mulder EJ, Visser GH, Bekedam DJ, Prechtl HF. Emergence of behavioral states in fetuses of type-1 diabetic women. Early Hum Dev 1987 Jul;15(4):231-251.
  89. Mulder EJ, Visser GH, Morssink LP, de Vries JI. Growth and motor development in fetuses of women with type-1 diabetes. III. First trimester quantity of fetal movement patterns. Early Hum Dev 1991 May;25(2):117-133.
  90. Aberg A, Westbom L, Kallen B. Congenital malformations among infants whose mothers had gestational diabetes or preexisting diabetes. Early Hum Dev 2001 Mar;61(2):85-95.
  91. Deregnier RA, Nelson CA, Thomas KM, Wewerka S, Georgieff MK. Neurophysiologic evaluation of auditory recognition memory in healthy newborn infants and infants of diabetic mothers. J Pediatr 2000 Dec;137(6):777-784.
  92. Nelson CA, Wewerka S, Thomas KM, Tribby-Walbridge S, deRegnier R, Georgieff M. Neurocognitive sequelae of infants of diabetic mothers. Behav Neurosci 2000 Oct;114(5):950-956.
  93. Reece EA, Homko CJ. Infant of the diabetic mother. Semin Perinatol 1994 Oct;18(5):459-469.
  94. Reece EA, Homko CJ. Why do diabetic women deliver malformed infants? Clin Obstet Gynecol 2000 Mar;43(1):32-45.
  95. Rizzo T, Metzger BE, Burns WJ, Burns K. Correlations between antepartum maternal metabolism and intelligence of offspring. N Engl J Med 1991 Sep;325(13):911-916.
  96. Rizzo TA, Metzger BE, Dooley SL, Cho NH. Early malnutrition and child neurobehavioral development: insights from the study of children of diabetic mothers. Child Dev 1997 Feb;68(1):26-38.
  97. Schwartz R, Teramo KA. Effects of diabetic pregnancy on the fetus and newborn. Semin Perinatol 2000 Apr;24(2):120-135.
  98. Vaarasmaki MS, Hartikainen A, Anttila M, Pramila S, Koivisto M. Factors predicting peri- and neonatal outcome in diabetic pregnancy. Early Hum Dev 2000 Jul;59(1):61-70.
  99. Robertson SS, Dierker LJ. Fetal cyclic motor activity in diabetic pregnancies: sensitivity to maternal blood glucose. Dev Psychobiol 2003 Jan;42(1):9-16.
  100. Accardo PJ, Blondis TA, Whitman BY. Disorders of attention and activity level in a referral population. Pediatrics 1990 Mar;85(3 Pt 2):426-431.
  101. Ornoy A, Uriel L, Tennenbaum A. Inattention, hyperactivity and speech delay at 2-4 years of age as a predictor for ADDADHD syndrome. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 1993;30(3):155-163.
  102. Smyth TR. Impaired motor skill (clumsiness) in otherwise normal children: a review. Child Care Health Dev 1992 Sep-Oct;18(5):283-300.
  103. Petersen MB, Pedersen SA, Greisen G, Pedersen JF, Mølsted- Pedersen L. Early growth delay in diabetic pregnancy: relation to psychomotor development at age 4. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988 Feb;296(6622):598-600.
  104. Sells CJ, Robinson NM, Brown Z, Knopp RH. Long-term developmental follow-up of infants of diabetic mothers. J Pediatr 1994 Jul;125(1):S9-S17.
  105. Vladareanu R, Lebit D, Constantinescu S. Ultrasound assessment of fetal neurobehaviour in high risk pregnancies. DSJUOG 2012 Apr-Jun;6(2):132-147.
  106. Talic A, Kurjak A, Ahmed B, Stanojevic M, Predojevic M, Kadic AS, Di Renzo GC. The potential of 4D sonography in the assessment of fetal behavior in high-risk pregnancies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2011 Jul;24(7):948-954.
  107. Bekedam DJ, Visser GH, de Vries JJ, Prechtl HF. Motor behaviour in the growth retarded fetus. Early Hum Dev 1985 Nov;12(2):155-165.
  108. Cioni G, Prechtl HF. Preterm and early postterm motor behaviour in low-risk premature infants. Early Hum Dev 1990 Sep;23(3):159-191.
  109. Seme-Ciglenecki P. Predictive value of assessment of general movements for neurological development of highrisk preterm infants: comparative study. Croat Med J 2003 Dec;44(6):721-727.
  110. Abo-Yaqoub S, Kurjak A, Mohammed AB, Shadad A, Abdel-Maaboud M. The role of 4-D ultrasonography in prenatal assessment of fetal neurobehaviour and prediction of neurological outcome. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2012 Mar;25(3):231-236.
  111. Athanasiadis AP, Mikos T, Tambakoudis GP, Theodoridis TD, Papastergiou M, Assimakopoulos E, Tarlatzis BC. Neurodevelopmental fetal assessment using KANET scoring system in low and high-risk pregnancies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2013 Mar;26(4):363-368.
  112. Fauser BC, Tarlatzis BC, Rebar RW, Legro RS, Balen AH, Lobo R, Carmina E, Chang J, Yildiz BO, Laven JS, et al. Consensus on women's health aspects of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): the Amsterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored 3rd PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. Fertil Steril 2012 Jan;97(1):28-38.e25
  113. Sirmans SM, Pate KA. Epidemiology, diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome. Clin Epidemiol 2014; 6:1-13.
  114. Fauser BC, Diedrich K, Bouchard P, Domínguez F, Matzuk M, Franks S, Hamamah S, Simón C, Devroey P, Ezcurra D, et al. Contemporary genetic technologies and female reproduction. Human Reproduction Update 2011 Nov;17(6):829-847.
  115. Balen A, Conway G, Kaltsas G. Polycystic ovary syndrome: the spectrum of the disorder in 1741 patients. Hum Reprod 1995 Aug;10(8):2107-2111.
  116. Azziz R, Sanchez L, Knochenhauer ES, Moran C, Lazenby J, Stephens KC, Taylor K, Boots LR. Androgen excess in women: experience with over 1000 consecutive patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004 Feb;89(2):453-462.
  117. Wild S, Pierpoint T, McKeigue P, Jacobs H. Cardiovascular disease in women with polycystic ovary syndrome at longterm follow-up: a retrospective cohort study. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2000 May;52(5):595-600.
  118. Hollinrake E, Abreu A, Maifeld M, Van Voorhis BJ, Dokras A. Increased risk of depressive disorders in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril 2007 Jun;87(6): 1369-1376.
  119. Zawadski JK, Dunaif A. Diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome. In: Givens JHF, Merriman G, editors. The polycystic ovary syndrome. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Scientific; 1992. p. 377-384.
  120. Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril 2004 Jan;81(1):19-25.
  121. Azziz R, Carmina E, DeWailly D, Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Escobar-Morreale HF, Futterweit W, Janssen OE, Legro RS, Norman RJ, Taylor AE, et al. Position statement: criteria for defining polycystic ovary syndrome as a predominantly hyperandrogenic syndrome: an Androgen Excess Society guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006 Nov;91(11):4237-4245.
  122. Lujan ME, Jarrett BY, Brooks ED, Reines JK, Peppin AK, Muhn N, Haider E, Pierson RA, Chizen DR. Updated ultrasound criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome: reliable thresholds for elevated follicle population and ovarian volume. Hum Reprod 2013 May;28(5):1361-1368.
  123. Badawy A, Elnashar A. Treatment options for polycystic ovary syndrome. Int J Womens Health 2011 Feb;3:25-35.
  124. ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins—Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No 108: Polycystic ovary syndrome. Obstet Gynecol 2009 Oct;114(4):936-949.
  125. Thessaloniki ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group Consensus on infertility treatment related to polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril 2008 Mar;89(3): 505-522.
  126. Balen AH. Ovulation induction in the management of anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2013 Jul;373(1-2):77-82.
  127. Berridge DL, Winter TC. Saline infusion sonohysterography: technique, indications, and imaging findings. J Ultrasound Med 2004 Jan;23(1):97-112.
  128. Allison SJ, Horrow MM, Kim HY, Lev-Toaff AS. Salineinfused sonohysterography: tips for achieving greater success. Radiographics 2011 Nov-Dec;31(7):1991-2004.
  129. O'Neill MJ. Sonohysterography. Radiol Clin North Am 2003 Jul;41(4):781-797.
  130. Bonnamy L, Marret H, Perrotin F, Body G, Berger C, Lansac J. Sonohysterography: a prospective survey of results and complications in 81 patients. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2002 Apr;102(1):42-47.
  131. Lindheim SR, Adsuar N, Kushner DM, Pritts EA, Olive DL. Sonohysterography: a valuable tool in evaluating the female pelvis. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2003 Nov;58(11):770-784.
  132. Lindheim SR, Sprague C, Winter TC. Hysterosalpingography and sonohysterography: lessons in technique. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2006 Jan;186(1):24-29.
  133. Jeanty P, Besnard S, Arnold A, Turner C, Crum P. Air-contrast sonohysterography as a first step assessment of tubal patency. J Ultrasound Med 2000 Aug;19(8):519-527.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.