Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2015 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

CYP1B1-mediated Pathobiology of Primary Congenital Glaucoma

Muneeb A Faiq, Rima Dada, Rizwana Qadri, Tanuj Dada

Keywords : CYP1B1 gene, Functional genomics, Glaucoma, Intraocular pressure, Pathobiology, Primary congenital glaucoma, Trabecular meshwork

Citation Information : Faiq MA, Dada R, Qadri R, Dada T. CYP1B1-mediated Pathobiology of Primary Congenital Glaucoma. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2015; 9 (3):77-80.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10008-1189

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

CYP1B1 is a dioxin-inducible enzyme belonging to the cytochrome P450 superfamily. It has been observed to be important in a variety of developmental processes including in utero development of ocular structures. Owing to its role in the developmental biology of eye, its dysfunction can lead to ocular developmental defects. This has been found to be true and CYP1B1 mutations have been observed in a majority of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) patients from all over the globe. Primary congenital glaucoma is an irreversibly blinding childhood disorder (onset at birth or early infancy) typified by anomalous development of trabecular meshwork (TM). How CYP1B1 causes PCG is not known; however, some basic investigations have been reported. Understanding the CYP1B1 mediated etiopathomechanism of PCG is very important to identify targets for therapy and preventive management. In this perspective, we will make an effort to reconstruct the pathomechanism of PCG in the light of already reported information about the disease and the CYP1B1 gene.


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