Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Lifestyle Measures for Glaucoma Patients: An Objective Social Media Content Analysis

Rutvi Chahal, Ankush Jindal, Rohan Bir Singh

Keywords : Glaucoma, Lifestyle changes, Patient education, Social media

Citation Information : Chahal R, Jindal A, Singh RB. Lifestyle Measures for Glaucoma Patients: An Objective Social Media Content Analysis. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2023; 17 (3):141-148.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10078-1412

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-10-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: In this study, we analyze the content quality and characteristics of the most viewed search results on various internet platforms related to lifestyle measures for patients with glaucoma. Materials and methods: In this internet-based cross-sectional study, we used search keywords “glaucoma,” “lifestyle,” “glaucoma,” and “exercise” on the most popular internet platforms—Google, Facebook, YouTube, and Reddit. The top 30 Google searches about each of the keyword combinations were identified. We also assessed the first 30 videos on YouTube and Facebook Watch, the first 30 Reddit posts and the first 30 Google images about each of the keyword combinations. The quality of content from the platforms was evaluated by three independent reviewers using the well-established Sandvik score, Health on Net (HON) code, and risk score for different uploaders. The quality of content regarding lifestyle measures in glaucoma uploaded by healthcare professionals (HCPs) was further evaluated. Results: The established criteria resulted in 48 websites from the Google search engine, 22 videos from YouTube, 37 posts from Reddit, and 28 videos from Facebook Watch, which were included in the final analysis. The mean Sandvik scores were 11.14 ± 1.8 (Google webpages), 10.4 ± 2.19 (YouTube videos), 10.54 ± 2.21 (Facebook Watch), and 4.24 ± 1.18 (Reddit). The mean risk scores were 0.22 ± 0.68 (YouTube videos), 0.18 ± 0.47 (Facebook Watch), and 0.11 ± 0.31 (Reddit). The mean HON code scores were 5.45 ± 1.62 (YouTube), 6.55 ± 1.44 (Google webpages), 5.29 ± 1.04 (Facebook Watch), and 8.27 ± 3.05 (Reddit). The content uploaded by HCPs was primarily from ophthalmologists and had significantly (p < 0.05) higher content quality scores. The majority of the content recommended aerobic exercise as a lifestyle measure in patients with glaucoma as an adjuvant to medical and surgical management. Conclusion: The majority of the content regarding lifestyle measures in glaucoma was uploaded by HCPs and had medically accurate and well-referenced information, especially on Google and YouTube. Clinical significance: Primary care physicians and ophthalmologists can reliably use social media content to guide recently diagnosed patients about the requisite lifestyle measures.

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