Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Clinical Profile of Primary Open-angle Glaucoma Patients at an Eye Center in Nigeria

Ngozika E Ezinne, Michael A Kwarteng, Kingsley K Ekemiri, Victoria I Iroanachi, Selassie Tagoh, Grace Ogbonna, Khathutshelo P Mashige

Keywords : Abuja, Central cornea thickness, Intraocular pressure, Nigeria, Primary open-angle glaucoma, Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness

Citation Information : Ezinne NE, Kwarteng MA, Ekemiri KK, Iroanachi VI, Tagoh S, Ogbonna G, Mashige KP. Clinical Profile of Primary Open-angle Glaucoma Patients at an Eye Center in Nigeria. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2023; 17 (3):113-117.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10078-1413

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-10-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: Globally, one of the leading causes of preventable blindness is primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The study assessed the clinical presentations of POAG patients attending an eye center in Abuja, Nigeria. Materials and methods: Records of 188 eyes, collected from 94 patients diagnosed with POAG for a period of 1 year at the eye center, were reviewed. Clinical records, including age, gender, visual acuity (VA), central cornea thickness (CCT), intraocular pressure (IOP), cup-to-disk ratios, and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness of the participants, were extracted and analyzed. Results: The majority of the participants were males (56.4%) and adults (57.4%), most of whom had normal VA (>70% in each eye). Our analysis revealed normal average estimates of RNFL thickness, IOP, and CCT among the participants. Females had thicker RNFL compared to males (p = 0.02). Although CCT decreased with age (r = −0.28, p = 0.005), there was no such link between IOP and CCT (r = 0.09, p = 0.38). Conclusion: Central cornea thickness (CCT), RNFL thickness, and IOP in isolation should not be used as early indicators for POAG; rather, a combination of these and other indices is recommended. Early detection through active screening and treatment in the community for at-risk groups is highly advised.

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