Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Profile of Childhood Glaucoma Attending a Tertiary Eye Care Center in Northern India

Suneeta Dubey, Kanika Jain, Julie Pegu, Saptarshi Mukherjee

Keywords : Childhood glaucoma, Childhood Glaucoma Research Network classification, Primary congenital glaucoma, Primary glaucoma, Secondary glaucoma

Citation Information : Dubey S, Jain K, Pegu J, Mukherjee S. Profile of Childhood Glaucoma Attending a Tertiary Eye Care Center in Northern India. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2023; 17 (2):68-74.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10078-1400

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Purpose: To ascertain the prevalence and clinical features of the various types of childhood glaucoma at a tertiary eye care hospital in Northern India. Materials and methods: Retrospective chart review of all children less than 16 years of age with childhood glaucoma who presented from 1st April 2014 to 31st March 2019, who was diagnosed to have any subtype of childhood glaucoma as per Childhood Glaucoma Research Network (CGRN) classification and advised appropriate management. Results: Out of 405 children with childhood glaucoma, 36% had primary glaucoma, whereas the rest had secondary glaucoma. Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) was the most common form of primary glaucoma. Glaucoma associated with acquired conditions was the most common cause of secondary glaucoma. Primary glaucoma was mostly bilateral in contrast to secondary glaucoma. The most common age of presentation with primary glaucoma was <1 year of age, and in children with secondary glaucoma was 11–16 years. On presentation, 80% of eyes had intraocular pressure (IOP) of >20 mm Hg and 70% had cupping of >0.7. Eyes with PCG were primarily managed surgically. Conclusion: In our cohort, PCG was the most common primary childhood glaucoma. Traumatic glaucoma was the most common secondary glaucoma. Since childhood glaucoma is an important cause of visual morbidity in children, its timely diagnosis and prompt management are essential to prevent irreversible visual loss. Clinical significance: Understanding the disease pattern, their presenting features, and the proportion of different types of childhood glaucoma can help in planning appropriate eye care services, create awareness and better allocate resources to plan appropriate management strategies. Screening programs and counseling of parents should also be strengthened.

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