Aim: To investigate the efficacy of endotrabeculectomy (ETE) performed either alone or combined with phacoemulsification (phaco) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
Materials and methods: Investigations were done in two groups. The first group (38 patients, 38 eyes) with POAG underwent ETE, and the second group of 126 patients (126 eyes) with POAG and cataracts underwent ETE and phaco. The hypotensive effect of the surgery was evaluated.
Results: In the ETE group, the mean intraocular pressure (IOP) was reduced from 20.25 ± 3.30 to 14.94 ± 1.95 mm Hg (26.2% reduction, p < 0.001) at 12 months. The number of medications was reduced from 2.8 ± 1.0 to 1.5 ± 1.0 (p < 0.001) at 12 months after the surgery. In the phaco-ETE group, the mean IOP was reduced from 18.24 ± 3.20 to 14.83 ± 1.71 mm Hg (18.7% reduction, p < 0.001) at 12 months. The mean number of medications was reduced from 2.2 ± 1.1 to 1.0 ± 1.0 (p < 0.001) at 12 months after the surgery. The success rate defined as a final IOP of <16 mm Hg using the Kaplan–Meier curve at 12 months was 73.8%. There were no complications that led to a constant visual decrease.
Clinical significance: Our study shows that ETE is technically simple, gives the ability to remove trabecula in any quadrant, and effectively reduces IOP in patients with POAG.
Conclusion: Endotrabeculectomy (ETE) is a safe and relatively simple procedure that significantly reduces IOP. The minimally invasive nature of the ETE allows expanding indications for combined treatment of glaucoma and cataract.
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