Citation Information :
Paczka JA, Ponce-Horta AM, Tornero-Jimenez A. Acute Attack of Glaucoma after Scleral Melting and Iris Blockage of the Surgical Ostium: A Case Report of a Complication Derived from a Mitomycin C Supplemented Trabeculectomy. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2022; 16 (3):199-204.
Aim: To describe a case of an acute attack of glaucoma due to scleral melting in the area where a trabeculectomy was previously done. This condition resulted from the blockage of the surgical opening due to an iris prolapse in an eye that was previously supplemented with mitomycin C (MMC) during a filtering surgery and bleb needling revision.
Case description: A 74-year-old Mexican female with a prior glaucoma diagnosis who assisted to an appointment presenting an acute ocular hypertensive crisis after several months of adequately controlled intraocular pressure (IOP). Ocular hypertension had been regulated after undergoing a trabeculectomy and bleb needling revision; both supplemented with MMC. The severe IOP increase occurred due to uveal tissue blockage in the filtering site, related to melting of the sclera in the same area. The patient was successfully treated through the use of a scleral patch graft and the implantation of an Ahmed valve.
Conclusion: An acute attack of glaucoma associated with scleromalacia after trabeculectomy and needling has not been previously reported and is currently attributed to MMC supplementation. Nevertheless, the use of a scleral patch graft and further glaucoma surgery seems to be an efficient way to treat this condition.
Clinical significance: Even though this complication was appropriately managed with this patient, we want to prevent further cases like this through the judicious and careful use of MMC.
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