Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Large Hyphema Following Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS) and Trabectome Resulting in Endocapsular Hematoma

Eileen L Chang, Nicholas Apostolopoulos, Tahreem A Mir, Isaac G Freedman, Christopher C Teng

Keywords : Femtosecond, Hyphema, MIGS

Citation Information : Chang EL, Apostolopoulos N, Mir TA, Freedman IG, Teng CC. Large Hyphema Following Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS) and Trabectome Resulting in Endocapsular Hematoma. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2022; 16 (3):195-198.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10078-1372

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 23-01-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Aim: To report a large hyphema following femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) and trabectome resulting in endocapsular hematoma. Background: Hyphema has previously been described following trabectome, however, no cases have been reported following FLACS or FLACS combined with microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS). We report a case of a large hyphema following FLACS combined with MIGS that resulted in an endocapsular hematoma. Case description: A 63-year-old myopic female with exfoliation glaucoma underwent FLACS with a trifocal intraocular lens implant and Trabectome in the right eye. Significant intraoperative bleeding ensued following the trabectome and was treated with viscoelastic tamponade, anterior chamber (AC) washout, and cautery. The patient developed a large hyphema with intraocular pressure (IOP) rise that was treated with multiple AC taps, paracentesis, and eye drops. The hyphema took approximately 1 month to completely clear, leaving an endocapsular hematoma. This was treated successfully with Neodymium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser posterior capsulotomy. Conclusion: Hyphema may occur with angle-based MIGS in combination with FLACS and may cause endocapsular hematoma. An increase in episcleral venous pressure during the docking and suction phase of the laser may predispose to bleeding. Endocapsular hematoma is an uncommon finding after cataract surgery and may be treated with Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy.

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