Aim: To report the efficacy of the revision of failed ab interno canaloplasty with micro-invasive suture trabeculotomy (MIST) over a follow-up period of 24 months.
Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 23 eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG), on whom an ab interno canaloplasty revision with MIST was performed for glaucoma progression. The primary outcome was the proportion of eyes with a significant intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction at 12 months post trabeculotomy, defined as an IOP ≤ 18 mm Hg or ≥20% reduction in IOP without any secondary intervention (SI), and with the same or fewer number of glaucoma medications (NGM). All parameters, including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), IOP, NGM, and SI, were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.
Results: At 12 months, eight out of 23 eyes (36.4%) achieved complete success, maintained in six eyes (27.3%) at 24 months. A significantly lower mean IOP was recorded at all visits [14.3 ± 4.0 mm Hg at 24 months vs 23.1 ± 6.8 mm Hg at baseline (BL)] with a percent IOP change of up to 27.3% at 24 months postoperatively. NGM and BCVA did not significantly decrease from BL. A total of 11 eyes (47.8%) needed an SI throughout the follow-up period.
Conclusion: Ab interno trabeculotomy in patients with failed canaloplasty was not shown to be effective in providing a satisfactory control of IOP in OAG patients, possibly due to the small suture gauge used in the initial canaloplasty.
Clinical significance: Further research is needed to optimize the surgical outcome.
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