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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles
Volkan Dericioglu, Mehmet Orkun Sevik, Muhsin Eraslan, Begüm Dirican, Deniz Yücelten, Leyla Cinel
Keywords : Ahmed glaucoma valve, Buphthalmos, Case report, Histopathology, Juvenile xanthogranuloma, Neonatal, Posterior segment involvement, Secondary glaucoma
Citation Information : Dericioglu V, Sevik MO, Eraslan M, Dirican B, Yücelten D, Cinel L. Juvenile Xanthogranuloma Presented with Buphthalmos and Corneal Clouding in Neonatal Period: A Case Report. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2022; 16 (2):128-131.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 30-08-2022
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).
Aim: To report an ocular juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) case presented with buphthalmos, corneal cloudiness, and normal intraocular pressure (IOP) in the neonatal period and treated with Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation. Background: JXG is a rare disorder predominantly seen in infants, but the neonatal presentation is extraordinary. Although spontaneous hyphema is a common presenting sign in JXG, buphthalmos and corneal opacity in the neonatal period were reported only in one case, which had high IOP values at presentation. Case presentation: Sixteen-day-old male patient presented with buphthalmos, diffuse corneal clouding, and 11 mm Hg of IOP value in the right eye. IOP increased to 28 mm Hg three weeks later, and spontaneous hyphema developed, which did not respond to antiglaucomatous medications and topical corticosteroids. AGV was implanted, and the IOP decreased to 13 mm Hg postoperatively. In the follow-ups, numerous firm yellowish nodules were noticed on the patient's skin during the examination under general anesthesia. Histopathological examination of the skin nodules was compatible with the diagnosis of JXG. Lens subluxation and phacodonesis were developed during the follow-up and were managed with pars plana lensectomy. After a silent period of 3 months, epithelial ingrowth was determined around the side port entrance. Unfortunately, the ingrowth did not respond to cryotherapy and resulted in phthisis bulbi. Pathological evaluation of the enucleated phthisic eye revealed posterior segment involvement. Conclusion: Ocular JXG can be present with buphthalmos, corneal opacity, and normal IOP values without any skin lesions in the neonatal period. Neonatal presentation of JXG may be associated with limited medical therapy response and aggressive disease course. Clinical significance: This case report introduces the second ocular JXG case, which presented with buphthalmos and corneal cloudiness, and the third pathologically proven posterior segment involvement of JXG in the literature.
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