Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Pathogenesis of Uveitic Glaucoma

Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, Velota CT Sung

Keywords : Intraocular pressure, Ocular hypertension/hypotony, Ocular inflammation, Uveitic glaucoma, Uveitis,Glaucoma

Citation Information : Kalogeropoulos D, Sung VC. Pathogenesis of Uveitic Glaucoma. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2018; 12 (3):125-138.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10078-1236

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Uveitic glaucoma consists one of the most serious complications of intraocular inflammation and, despite its rarity, is considered as one of the leading causes of preventable loss of vision worldwide. It has been associated with a wide spectrum of inflammatory diseases, but its pathogenesis is still not fully comprehended. It appears that the type of inflammation, the steroid-response and the anatomical alterations of the anterior chamber play a pivotal role. To our knowledge, the mechanisms may be both acute and chronic. The main targets of the treatment are to control the inflammation and reduce the intraocular pressure (IOP). The management of glaucoma associated with uveitis remains an extremely challenging condition for ophthalmologists. The successful treatment of uveitic glaucoma is inextricably correlated with prompt and immediate therapeutic decisions. Very often a solid collaboration between clinicians from different specialties may be required for treating the underlying disease. Further understanding of its pathogenesis can indicate therapeutic targets and may lead to the development of new and more efficient therapeutic approaches. New glaucoma surgical modalities may ameliorate the prognosis after surgical intervention, but this calls for further evaluation. This study aims to highlight the complexity of uveitic glaucoma analyzing the main pathogenetic mechanisms and the correlations with the inflammatory response.


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